From The Wall Street Journal
Do the credit-card offers you receive in the mail have photos of enticing holiday destinations and reward miles? If so, you should be flattered, since this means that credit-
card issuers believe you to be highly educated and financially sophisticated. But if you are receiving card offers with low teaser rates for introductory APR, you might take offense, since card issuers most likely do not view you as savvy.
As more and more personal data becomes available, businesses are now able to target customers in a personalized and sophisticated way. On the bright side, that means you can get products and services that are tailored to your needs. As a result, you are much less likely to get catalogs featuring dresses your grandmother might wear. But, according to our research, the downside is that companies can also more effectively target your behavioral weaknesses, self-control issues or lack of attention to the fine print. We find that credit-card companies tend to offer those customers who are least able to manage the complexity of credit-card contracts, the most complex features and hidden charges.
As part of our research at MIT with my colleague Hong Ru, we recently studied over one million credit-card mailing campaigns that were sent to a representative set of U.S. households from March 1999 to February 2011. We devised algorithms to classify the terms of the credit cards and also the advertising material. Studying the wide variety of offers and who received which offer was illuminating. Credit-card terms offered to more financially sophisticated consumers differ significantly from those offered to less sophisticated customers, where educational attainment served as a proxy for sophistication.
The offers differed in both substance and style. Less-sophisticated borrowers received offers with low teaser rates, more rewards, visual distractions, and fine print at the end of the offer letter. However, these offers also had more back-loaded and hidden fees. For example, after the introductory period, these cards have higher rates, late fees and overlimit fees.
Read the full post at The Wall Street Journal
Antoinette Schoar is the Michael Koerner ’49 professor of entrepreneurial finance and chair of the finance department at the MIT Sloan School of Management.