From Psychology Today
We are in the midst of a crisis of police legitimacy in America. Each case of police brutality and shooting of an unarmed civilian causes more people to lose trust in the police and to question whether officers are really there to serve and protect. Without public trust, how can the police effectively do their job?
In response to this crisis, some police officials and policymakers have promoted the use community-oriented policing (COP), which emphasizes positive, nonenforcement contact with the public to build trust and police legitimacy. COP dates back to the 1970s, and has involved things like foot patrols, community meetings, neighborhood watches, and door-to-door visits. The idea is simple: If interactions with the police don’t always involve a problem—much less punishment of some kind—then the public may come to trust police and, hopefully, cooperate with them in the future to report and solve crimes.